Have you ever wished you could learn how to grow magic mushrooms at home?
For those who haven’t had these dreams, maybe you never thought it would even be possible? Well, the truth is that magic mushrooms can be grown at home by anyone. By the end of this article, you’ll have the knowledge you need to start this magical journey of mushroom growing.
Benefits of Magic Mushrooms
Magic mushrooms, also known as shrooms, psilocybe cubensis, are a psychedelic species of mushrooms. This means that they will get you high and lead you on quite the cognitive journey.
The primary compound responsible for the impacts of the magic mushroom plant is called psilocybin. There are around 200 species of fungus known to produce psilocybin. The effects of this compound include:
- Visual and mental hallucinations
- Changes in perception
- Distorted sense of time
- Spiritual experiences
Psilocybin is a classic tryptamine hallucinogen that has similar properties to LSD and mescaline but a different chemical structure than either of those. Amongst the many neurobiological targets of psilocybin, the most well-known would be the strong agonist activity at 5-HT2A, a primary serotonin receptor.
The actions of psilocybin result in a cascade of neurobiological changes that can lead to increased wonder, awe, and self-awareness. With enhanced sensations and perceptions, individuals experience acute and vibrant blasts of sounds, tastes, sights, and smells.
While the effects are potent, consumers generally report a tangible sense of control and focus throughout the trip. Just make sure you stay within your tolerance levels to avoid a bad trip.
It is through these spiritual experiences that many people find insight through their psychedelic journey. Researchers have determined that psilocybin has the potential to help with a variety of mental health conditions. While most of these studies are small and will need more extensive replication trials, we can illuminate some of the lessons learned.
Combined, all of the studies demonstrate that psilocybin has minimal safety concerns lower addiction potential than many other drugs of abuse. Furthermore, there are potentially positive benefits for those plagued by:
- Suicidal thoughts
- Anxiety disorders
- Alcohol use disorder
- Tobacco use disorder
- Specific symptoms
Ultimately, the researchers concluded that we badly need more research to determine how magic mushrooms can be used for a variety of mental health disorders. While we await this research, let’s switch to why we are all here: growing shrooms.
How to Grow Magic Mushrooms
The cultivation of magic mushrooms has traditionally occurred in nature, where wild growing mushrooms are harvested. There is a strong community of magic mushroom pickers who also work hard to spread spores and create more significant future mushroom growth. For those who don’t live in the areas where mushrooms grow in the wild, growing magic mushrooms at home are the next best option.
The advantages of growing your own shrooms include:
- You can have a year-round supply.
- The low-cost advantage compared to buying shrooms.
- It’s fun and rewarding to grow mushrooms.
We’ll make sure you know everything you need to know about how to grow shrooms with this step-by-step guide.
Alternatively, you can buy ready-to-use mushroom grow kits, which contain a living mycelium foundation for growth.
With these kits, you generally only need to pay attention to humidity. But, there are several advantages to avoiding the cultivation kit.
Creating your mycelium substrate produces more consistent results, lower odds of contamination, and overall similar price points compared to these kits.
If you want to learn how to grow mushrooms from scratch, we have all the information you need to avoid buying a grow kit. We’ll explore these steps one step at a time. You’ll learn all about fungi spores and mushroom cultivation. Before we get to the steps, we’ll answer a few key questions to help you start.
What supplies do you need to buy?
Ingredients you will need include:
- Spore syringe, 10-12 cc
- Drinking water
- Organic brown rice flour
- Vermiculite (medium/fine)
Equipment needed includes:
- Hammer and small nail
- Measuring cup
- Mixing bowl
- 12 shoulderless half-pint jars with lids (canning jars, ball or Kerr jelly)
- Large cooking pot (with a tight lid)
- Small towel (or paper towel)
- Micropore tape
- Mist spray bottle
- Drill with a 1/4-inch drill bit
- Clear plastic storage box (around 50-115L)
- Air sanitizer
- Surface disinfectant
- Rubbing alcohol
- Butane/propane torch lighter
- Latex gloves (optional)
- Surgical mask (optional)
- Still air or a glove box (optional)
Lucky for us all, the process is relatively straight-forward. All you got to do is prepare your mix, divide it up in the jars, introduce the spores, and wait for the mycelium growth to occur.
Mycelium creates a network of filaments that provide the environment for mushroom growth. It takes about 4-5 weeks to colonize your substrates, and then you transfer them to a fruiting chamber to begin the magic mushroom growth.
Hygiene is a significant concern that you should pay close attention to before and during the growth process. Use the air sanitizer, disinfect equipment and surfaces, and keep yourself clean (have a shower, brush your teeth, and wear clean clothes).
The process only needs a small amount of space, but the environment must be as sterile as possible. None of us want bacteria and mould to grow and ruin our harvest.
Step 1: Preparation
Prepare your jars: with a disinfected hammer and nail, punch four holes evenly distributed through each lid.
Prepare your substrate: combine 2/3 cup vermiculite and 1/4 cup water in a mixing bowl for each jar. Use a disinfected strainer to drain excess water. Then, add 1/4 cup brown rice flour per half-pint jar to the mixing bowl and combine with the moist vermiculite.
Fill your jars: Without packing them tightly, fill the pots within a half-inch of the rims. Sterilize the remaining top half-inch of the jar. Top the jars with a layer of dry vermiculite to provide insulation from contamination.
Steam sterilize: Tightly screw the jars shut and cover the sides with tin foil. Make sure the tin foil completely covers the sides without blocking the holes. Loose edges can gather condensation, so avoid leaving any of these. Place the small towel inside your large cooking pot and place the jars on top of it without touching the pot base.
Fill the pot with tap water to halfway up the jars. Then bring the water to a boil while watching to ensure jars remain upright. Place the tight-lid on the pot and leave it to steam for 75-90 minutes. Add more water if the level gets low. Afterward, allow the jars to cool overnight or until room temperature.
Step 2: Innoculation
Sanitize and Prepare Syringes: Heat your syringe with a lighter until the length of it glows red hot. Let it cool and then wipe it with alcohol (careful: it will be HOT). Pull back the syringe just a bit, and shake the syringe to spread out the spores. Use sterile gloves if needed, keep the area clean.
Inject Spores: Remove the tin foil from the jars and insert the syringe as far as it can go through one of the holes. Ensure the needle touches the side of the pot and inject about 1/4 cc of the spore solution.
Repeat this process for each hole in the jar lid, wiping the needle with alcohol between each hole. Cover the holes with micropore and set them aside without tin foil. Repeat this process for each jar, continue to use the lighter to sterilize the needle, and wipe with alcohol.
Step 3: Colonization
Wait for the mycelium: Place the jars in a clean space. Avoid providing any direct sunlight to the jars and maintain a room temperature of around 70-80 °F. Between 7 and 14 days, you should see white and fluffy mycelium appear. If you note any signs of contamination, then play it safe and dispose of the jar safely.
Consolidation: After 3-4 weeks, you should have at least six jars successfully colonized. Provide another week of growth to ensure the mycelium is healthy.
Step 4: Preparing the grow chamber
Make a fruiting chamber: drill 1/4 inch holes around 2 inches apart all over your plastic storage container, including the sides, base, and lid.
The best way to avoid cracking is by drilling outward into a wooden block. Set the box on four objects to raise it above the ground. To prevent leakage moisture, you may want to cover the surface under the box.
Add perlite: run your perlite under cold tap water within a strainer. Let it drain until it stops dripping. Spread the perlite over the base of the grow chamber. Repeat this process until you have a 4-5 inch layer.
Step 5: Fruiting
Birth your colonized substrates: Open the jars and remove the dry vermiculite layer. Turn each jar upside down and tap down onto a disinfected surface to release the intact cakes.
Dunk the cakes: Use cold tap water to rinse the cakes to remove loose vermiculate without damaging them. Fill a cooking pot with tepid water and place your cakes inside. Use another pot or object to submerge the cakes. Leave this pot at room temperature for about 24 hours.
Roll the cakes: Remove the cakes from the water onto a disinfected surface. Fill a mixing bowl with dry vermiculite and roll your cakes one at a time to thoroughly coat them.
Transfer to grow chamber: For each cake, cut out a piece of tin foil large enough to avoid contact with the perlite. Space these evenly inside the fruit chamber. Place the cakes on top of each tin foil and mist them with a spray bottle. Before you close the lid, fan the chamber with the cover a bit.
Monitor conditions: Mist the chamber four times per day to maintain humidity. Continue to use the lid to fan the chamber after misting and up to 6 times a day in total. While minimal light is needed, some prefer to use a fluorescent light on a 12-hour cycle. Ambient lighting will often get the job done.
Step 6: Harvesting
Watch for fruit growth: Once you see tiny white bumps, give the chamber 5-12 days to grow.
Pick your shrooms: Once they appear ready, cut the mushrooms off close to the cake. You do not need to wait for the end of growth, as this reduces potency slightly. Generally, the best time to harvest is right before the veil breaks. You should see the light cone-shaped caps with covered gills.
The Next Steps
Mushrooms will only last a few weeks while stored in the fridge. If you want to store them for longer, drying is needed. This process will help keep them shrooms potent for 2-3 years in a cool dark place. They can last even longer in the fridge.
Reusing the substrate
The cakes you’ve created can be used up to three times. All you need to do is let them dry out for a few days and then start the process from the dunking stage. Contaminants may begin to appear after the third time using them and dispose of them properly.
Making spore syringes
You can do this yourself by letting a mushroom grow until its cap has opened up, and edges turn upward. Look for dark purple deposits around the base. Remove the cap with a sterilized scalpel and place the gills down on a sterile paper sheet.
Leave the cap for 24 hours while covered with a disinfected glass or jar. Store this cap in a plastic bag in a dark place. When you want to load a spore syringe, scape some of the spores into a glass or sterile and distilled water.
Fill your syringe and then empty it back into the glass several times to distribute the spores. After your final fill, place the syringe in an airtight plastic bag.
After a few days spent at room temperature, the spores should be hydrated and ready to use. You can store the syringe in the fridge for up to two months.
Learning How to Grow Shrooms – Worth the Effort?
The process might be a bit long-in-the-tooth, but learning how to grow magic mushrooms at home pays fantastic (and cheap!) dividends.
With our guide, you’re prepared to hit it out of the park with your batch of homegrown shrooms.
Alternatively, you could have your pick at a variety of magic mushrooms at an online dispensary Canada. From Golden Teachers to Malabar and even Penis Envy, Herb Approach is your #1 source for safe, trusted, and quality magic mushrooms.
Mushroom edibles in the form of chocolates, candies, and even drink-mixes provide an easy, accessible, and accurate way to dose mushrooms without any of the strong, pungent taste that shrooms are infamous for.
If you’re looking to dip your toes into the world of psychedelics, you owe it to yourself to purchase from a reliable and trusted source.
Visit us at Herb Approach today!