What is hash? Well, for one, it may be the forefather of all cannabis concentrates.

Why? Because it’s as ancient as concentrates come, recorded to be in use for at least 900 years.

But with this said, don’t let hashish’s old age fool you.

Because when compared to shatter, live resin or the other plethora of concentrates available today, hashish still holds itself up quite well.

How well?

In this article, you’ll find out. So to get you started on all of hash’s essential details that are critical in giving you a positive experience here’s what we’ll breakdown.

Table of Contents:

What is Hash?

In straightforward lingo, hash (hashish) is a concentrated form of cannabis that’s usually smoked in joints, pipes, bongs or hookahs.

And it’s typically made by extracting trichomes (resin and crystals) from dried marijuana flowers.

What is Hash
Figure 0: Trichomes are the most THC, CBD and terpene-rich areas in dried marijuana plants.

When these trichomes are collected, they’re compressed with heat and pressure into different forms such as balls or cakes, resulting in textures that are either solid or paste-like.

Along with coming in different forms, hash can vary in color, from reddish-brown to black, to dark yellow and traditional cannabis-green.

As you can imagine, hash’s different forms and colors represent its many types. This is dived into with a lot more detail in the section “how hash is made.”

How Much THC Does Hash Have?

Since hash is a cannabis extract, it holds more cannabinoids and terpenes, the compounds responsible for marijuana’s smell/taste and psychoactive experience, thus delivering a much heavier punch than dried flowers.

How much heavier?

Well, it ranges.

For traditional hashish, THC levels are in-between 20-50%, depending on the strain and the expertise of the maker. But for more specialty types, like bubble hash (discussed below), THC levels can reach upwards to 60%.

Figure 1: Bubble hash can be refined to 60% THC purity. This type of hash also has more of a paste-like texture.

This means when it’s compared to dried flower, hash can have 3-6 times as much THC! Given that dried flowers have roughly 10-20%.

With its potency in mind, what are the best ways of consuming hash?

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cta hash, how to smoke hash

How to Use Hashish

Put simply, hashish can be consumed in a myriad of ways, some more traditional, and others less so. For an optimal experience, here are the best ways of how you can use hash today.

Eating Hash Edibles

The oldest way to consume hashish is through direct ingestion.

Yes, you can swallow hash out right.

Or if you prefer to be creative, it can also be used as an ingredient for the many different types of marijuana edibles, such as hash brownies, hash butter or hash gummies.

But if you do embark in eating hashish through a pot edible, just remember, ingesting it is about 5 times more psychoactive than smoking it. Well, generally.

And the onset, that is, the time it takes for the experience to take hold, can be as fast as 30 minutes or as long as 2 hours.

The reasoning behind its elevated potency and delayed effect is due to the role our liver plays in processing THC when it’s in edible friendly forms, turning it into the stronger 11-hydroxy-metabolite.

Simply, it’s biology.

Also, the science as to how hash, or rather, how cannabis stays psychoactive when baked, cooked or put in high temperatures is called decarboxylation.

Moving forward.

How to Smoke Hash

Rolling hash into a joint

Rolling hashish into a dynamic, funky joint is another way of getting the most out of it.

Here are some guidelines:

If the hash at your disposal is brick hard, place it on a metal spoon or key and gently apply heat to it until it’s softer to the touch. Then, using your hands, crumble the soft hash into tiny pieces, and further mix it with dried flower while rolling a joint. If you want a milder experience, perform these same steps while rolling a tobacco cigarette.

Figure 2: A dried marijuana joint rolled with tobacco is called a spliff, among others. As for a joint rolled with tobacco and hash, call it a super spliff.

In the case where your hash is extremely paste-like in texture (bubble hash), it can be coated on the outside of a finished rolled joint or cigarette, as if the joint/cigarette was dipped in the paste.

And, if you’re feeling adventurous, you can do all 3 –  a hash sprinkled dried flower and tobacco rolled joint.

Packing hash into a bong or pipe

Another extremely popular way of smoking hash is through using a bong or pipe.

Here are some simple directions:

For bongs and pipes with a screen, simply placing hashish on the screen, then lighting it for a second or two as you inhale usually does the trick. If your bong/pipe has no screen, place the dried flower in your bowl first, then sprinkle bits of hash on top and proceed to light.

But keep in mind, while lighting the goal is not to burn all the hash at once, otherwise, it’s wasted. Instead, for better preservation and to get the most out of your bowl, light a portion as you inhale.

If this doesn’t prove to be a good smoking experience, priming your hashish into more smoke ready form, as mentioned above, will do the trick. To do this, place your hash on a metal spoon or key and gently apply a flame until the hash’s texture becomes soft and malleable. Then, break it into pieces and sprinkle it into your bowl, whether by itself or on top of dried flower.

Vaping hash

Vaping isn’t the same as smoking, as similar as it may seem. For one, smoking uses combustion as a heating method, which produces a plethora of carcinogens.

As for vaping, it applies either conductive or convective heating methods that can produce more enhanced experiences.

To vape hashish, you’ll need a few materials for an optimal experience. The first is a dry herb vaporizer, the second is de-gummed hemp fibre and the third is alcohol-drenched, cotton swabs.

Here’s a step-by-step guide that will show you how to vape hash in a way the preserves your vaporizer.

Drinking hashish

Lastly, you can put your hashish in a beverage such as the traditional Indian drink ‘bhang,’ or one of the many varieties of weed tea.

By making bhang, you’ll take part in an ancient tradition dating to at least 2000 BC that continues to this day. Interestingly, ‘bhang’ is said to help with many issues, from dysentery to sunstroke and even speech impediments.

With knowledge of the different ways hash can be consumed in-hand, let’s dig deeper into the ways it can be extracted.

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How to Make Hash

Figure 4: Because hash has persevered for at least a thousand years, each region has added its own influence, using their own techniques in creating a unique type of hash.

Remember trichomes? Are those tiny crystals just glistening all over your cannabis buds? Well, these areas hold the highest concentration of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Since these are the cannabis connoisseur’s prize, people tend to collect them as left-over bottom using something as simple as a three-grinder chamber. These left overs are called ‘kief’ which, when applied with pressure and heat, create hash.

However, there are so many variations of how heat and pressure can be applied to create hashish, resulting in many different forms, each with its unique aesthetic.

Here’s a deep dive into 5 different types of hash and how they’re made.

5 Ways of How to Make Hash : An Overview


Let’s start with a refresher. Anybody who’s familiar with hash will also be familiar with kief.

A by-product of grinding or simply handling your cannabis flower, kief are little powdery crystals of cannabis trichomes that are packed with terpenes and cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.

For many tokers, a collection of kief can easily be hand-pressed at home to make a puck of hash.

In fact, a popular technique for those lacking access to expensive pressing equipment is to place their kief into a plastic bag or to wrap it around some parchment paper and placing the whole package into the sole of their shoes.

In doing so, they’re able to manually press-down on the kief and make what’s known as “shoe hash.”

Also known as “boot hash,” this hash tends to be a bit low quality and flakier than other variants. If you’re pressed to some hashish on the go, then there’s really no better alternative than the hash you can make in your own shoe!

Finger Hash

Figure 5: A cannabis harvester’s hands smothered in resin, which is used to create finger hash.

Finger hash uses one of the earliest techniques of making hashish – a technique that’s still used in India today.

To start, it’s made through gently rubbing dried buds in human hands, which results in a lot of sticky resin. This resin is then scraped off, collected and then made ready to be pressed into patties or bricks with everyday tools.

Also referred to as hand-rubbed hash, it should be smooth, hard, sticky and brownish-black in color. If the inside is very green, then it simply means there’s extra plant material caught in it.

The next hash-making method also requires hand-rubbing, but the process is made a little easier by using screens.

Dry-Sift Hash

Dry-sift hash is a technique where dried plants are hand-rubbed across woven screens to create friction, forcing trichomes to fall into a collection tray on the other end. What’s collected is another concentrate known as kief, the pre-cursor to hashish, which then gets pressed together by hand or with a mechanical press to resemble all of hash’s qualities.

Master-Sifter Hash

Figure 5: “Beyond Buds” is a book about cannabis extracts written by the former High Times columnist and horticulturist Ed Rosenthal.

In the 1960s hashish experienced a resurgence in the western world. However, during this time, most of the supply came in the form of hard-pressed, solid hash formed from heat and pressure from places like Nepal, Morocco and Afghanistan.

This changed in the 1980s when John Gallardi’s ‘master sifter’ machine revolutionized how hashish was made. According to the book ‘Beyond Buds’, the machine separated trichomes using vibrations, and did so commercially, creating hash in bulk.

For more information about this technique, we encourage you to read the book.

Bubble Hash

what is hash bubble hash
Figure 6: A bucket wrapped in ‘bubble bags’ with dried marijuana flower and ice cubes filled in it.

Bubble hash, if made the right way, can hold up to 60% THC, being on par with other cannabis concentrates that are created with solvents.

But unlike these other solvent concentrates, bubble hash is solvent-free, which is one of its main features for enthusiasts.

Bubble hash is made essentially by freezing cannabis plants, so terpene and cannabinoid-rich trichomes can be isolated. Here’s an overview of what takes place.

Bubble bags (mesh filters) are placed into a bucket, where water, ice and cannabis are mixed in. The cannabis is then further stirred in this extremely cold water, resulting in a thick mix. This mix is then passed through 3 to 5 mesh screen filters to isolate resins even more. Then, like most hashish types, presses come into the equation for the finishing touch.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to make bubble hash.

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Concluding Thoughts

Hashish has persevered throughout history, and it’s for good reasons. The cannabis concentrate is both versatile in how it can be made and how it can be consumed – all while having a strong THC and terpene profile.

Also, if you’re seeking a more traditional and culture-backed cannabis experience, hashish may be one of the many cannabis products you want to explore.

Either way, using this detailed guide of what is hash, you’ll be a more informed, responsible and thoughtful cannabis practitioner.

Or in other words, you’ll be well on your way to creating optimal experiences for both yourself and your friends.

Hash is a Versatile Extract, But It’s Hard to Find These Days. Not at Herb Approach, We’ve Got a Hash Collection That Reminds You of the 80’s!